Mansa Musa

Musa I or Mansa Musa was the tenth Mansa of the Mali Empire. He has been described as the wealthiest individual of the Middle Ages. He ruled Mali from 1312 to 1337. He held many titles such as “Emir of Melle”, “Lord of the Mines of Wangara”, “Conqueror of Ghanata” during his reign. He conquered 24 cities, along with their surrounding districts. At the time of Musa’s ascension to the throne, Mali in large part consisted of the territory of the former Ghana Empire, which Mali had conquered. Mali was the largest producer of gold in the world during his reign. And he has been considered one of the wealthiest historical figures. His other names are “Kankou Musa”, “Kankan Musa”, “Kanku Musa”, “Mali-Koy Kankan Musa”, “Gonga Musa” and “the Lion of Mali”. He also helped his empire reach tremendous growth by encouraging the arts, literature, and architecture.

Despite the fact that he is the richest man in history, and the wealthiest person of the Middle Ages, there is no reliable way to calculate his fortune.

What is Mansa Musa’s claim to fame?

During the Middle Ages, he was regarded as one of the richest historical figures.

Mansa Musa’s birthplace is unknown.

In the year 1280, Mansa Musa was born. He was born in the Empire of Mali. Faga Laye, his father, gave birth to him. There is no information about his mother. Musa’s grandfather was Abu-Bakr Keita, according to Ibn-extensive Khaldun’s biography of the Malian kings. His faith was Islam. His Mecca pilgrimage made him famous in northern Africa and the Middle East.

Mansa Musa’s Biography

Musa’s grandfather, Abu-Bakr, did not succeed to the throne, and his father, Faga, is unimportant in Mali history.

Musa ascended to the throne by nominating a deputy when a king goes on a pilgrimage to Mecca or for some other purpose, and then choosing the deputy as heir.

He was appointed Abubakari Keita II’s deputy. Before him, a king set out on an expedition to discover the Atlantic Ocean’s boundaries and never returned.

In 1312, Musa changed his name to Mansa.

The Mali Empire encompassed what is now Mauritania and the modern-day country of Mali.

Between the years 1324 and 1325, he made his pilgrimage. 60,000 men, including 12,000 slaves, marched in his procession, all dressed in brocade and Persian silk. The slaves each bore 1.8 kilograms of gold bars and heralds.

There were also 80 camels in his procession, each carrying 23-136 kg of gold dust.

Musa will send the gold to the poor people he encountered on his way to Mecca. He also exchanged gold for trinkets.

Every Friday, he founded a mosque.

In the Mediterranean, he was in charge of the gold price.

In 1325, he returned from Mecca. He returned with a large number of Arabian scholars and architects.

In Timbuktu and Gao, he founded several mosques and madrasas, the most prominent of which is Sankore Madrasah. He also constructed the Audience Hall.

In Timbuktu, he constructed his grand palace, which later became a center of trade and culture.

Under Musa’s reign, the University of Sankore in Timbuktu was restaffed with jurists, astronomers, and mathematicians. It had a capacity of 25,000 students and one of the world’s largest libraries, with approximately 1,000,000 books.

Wife of Mansa Musa

Inari Kuante was Mansa Musa’s wife. During his pilgrimage, his son and successor, Mansa Magha Keita, was named deputy. Maghan, Musa’s son, ruled Mali from 1337 to 1341. There isn’t much information about his personal life available.

Death of Mansa Musa

Mansa Musa died in the year 1337, at the age of 56 or 57. His death date, on the other hand, is disputed by modern historians. When comparing the reigns of his predecessors, his death is believed to have occurred in 1337. Musa is said to have died soon after returning from Mecca, according to some documents.

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